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Epilepsy - Statistics and causes

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Around 1% of the general population has epilepsy, but this rises to 30% of people with a mild learning disability or brain injury. This percentage increases with the severity or complexity of the disability.

Your service users can develop epilepsy at any age, so you need to:

  • be on the look out for signs of the condition
  • make a record of these signs
  • support them to visit their GP if you or your colleagues have any concerns.

There are several causes of epilepsy, including:

  • injury to the brain during or immediately after birth
  • infections that damage the brain, eg meningitis
  • toxic substances, eg from drug or alcohol addiction
  • brain tumours
  • high fever.