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Types of seizure

Seizures can be divided into groups. Click on the tabs to find out more.

Tab 1
Tab 2
Tab 3

With this type of seizure, activity starts in one part of brain.

Partial seizures can be:

  • simple - where the person stays awake, but may become confused and move jerkily
  • complex - where their awareness of their surroundings changes and they may lose consciousness
  • secondary generalisation - the activity starts in one area of the brain and spreads.

With this type of seizure, activity involves the whole of the brain.

Generalised seizures include:

  • absence - staring / blinking without falling
  • atonic - collapsing heavily
  • myoclonic - jerking movements
  • tonic - rigid muscle contraction
  • tonic clonic - stiffening, falling and jerking movements.
Status epilepticus / Clusters

Status epilepticus (Status) is a condition where seizures are continual or repeated without the person regaining consciousness.

Serial seizures, or clusters, recur at frequent intervals with recovery between episodes.

Remember, for more information about any of the topics covered here, please refer to the full e-learning version of the course.