Employment and Unemployment
Defining employment and unemployment is not as easy as it at first appears. In sociological terms employment and unemployment statistics are socially constructed.
In Britain policy makers often divide the adult population into three main labour market categories:
- The employed – people in paid work in an employee or self employed capacity, or who are on government backed training and employment programmes .
- The unemployed – people without paid work, but who are available to take up a job
- The inactive – all remaining members of the adult population, some of whom may want a job, while some others do not.