The following material is Proprietary (not subject to Creative Commons) and used under licence (see terms and conditions).

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following for permission to reproduce material:

Ince, D. Developing Internet Applications, chapters 1 and 4, published by Pearson Education Limited in collaboration with The Open University, © Pearson Education Limited, 2002, 2003. This publication forms part of an Open University course M360 Developing Distributed and E-commerce Applications.

The following designations, which are mentioned in the unit, are trademarks or registered trademarks of the organisations whose names follow in brackets:

Enterprise JavaBeans, Java, JavaSpaces (Sun Microsystems Inc); Amazon (; Apache (Apache Foundation); Internet Explorer, Microsoft Outlook (Microsoft®); Eudora* (QualComm Inc); Linux (Linux Torvalds) Listerine (Warner Lambert); Netscape Navigator (AmericaOnline Time Warner); UNIX (AT&T).

Unit Image



Figure 2: reprinted with the permission of Which?, published by the Consumers’ Association, 2 Marylebone Road, London, NW1 4DF, for further information please phone 0800 252 100;

Figure 3: permission approved by Google Marketing Department, USA.

All other materials included in this unit are derived from content originated at the Open University.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.