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1.1.4
S151_1_1.0
Maths for Science
Observation, measurement and the recording of data are central activities in science. Speculation and the development of new theories are crucial as well, but ultimately the predictions resulting from those theories have to be tested against what actually happens and this can only be done by making further measurements. Whether measurements are made using simple instruments such as rulers and thermometers, or involve sophisticated devices such as electron microscopes or lasers, there are decisions to be made about how the results are to be represented, what units of measurements will be used and the precision to which the measurements will be made. In this unit we will consider these points in turn.
Science and Nature
Average
Data
Decimal
Integer
Logarithm
Maths
Measurement
Normal_distribution
Probability
Sample
Science
Scientific_notation
Significant_figure
Standard_deviation
Statistics
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An OU course on this topic  Open University links
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http://www3.open.ac.uk/courses/bin/p12.dll?C01S151
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Study this topic at the OU  Open University links
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http://www3.open.ac.uk/courses/classifications/science.shtm
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COURSE
Maths for Science  S151
Maths for Science

Introduction

Introduction

1 Measurement in science

1.1 Large quantities and small quantities

1.2 Units of measurement

1.3 Scales of measurement

1.4 How precise are the measurements?

2 Probability and descriptive statistics

Preamble

2.1 Chance and probability

2.1.1 Calculating probability

2.1.2 Probability and common sense

2.1.3 Expressing probability

2.1.4 Combining probabilities

2.1.5 Probability ratios

2.2 Descriptive statistics

2.2.1 Repeated measurements

2.2.2 The distribution of repeated measurements

2.2.3 Mean and standard deviation for repeated measurements

2.2.4 Using a calculator for statistical calculations

2.2.5 How likely are particular results?

2.2.6 Different types of ‘average’

2.2.7 Samples and populations

References and Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

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