The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:


Figure 1: Tarling, D. H. (1981) Economic Geology and Tectonics, Blackwell Science Ltd.

Figure 2: Tissot, B. P and Welte, D. H. ‘From kerogen to petroleum’ in Petroleum Formation and Occurrence, Springer-Verlag Berlin.

Figures 3a and 3b: © Copyright Andy Sutton Photography.

Figure 4: Chapman Bounford.

Figure 5: Pegrum, R. M. and Spencer, A. M. (eds) (1990) ‘Hydrocarbon plays in the North Sea’, in Brooks, J. (ed.) Classic Petroleum Provinces, Special Publication No. 50, Geological Society, London.

Figure 6: © 2002 United Kingdom Offshore Operators Association, accessed 10 January 2007.

Figures 7 and 16: Evans, D., et al. (2003) The Millennium Atlas: Petroleum Geology of Central and Northern North Sea, Geological Society, London.

Figure 8: WesternGeco

Figure 9b: John Mead/Science Photo Library.

Figure 9c: Richard Folwell/Science Photo Library.

Figure 9d: Sue Cunningham Photographic/Alamy.

Flash Animation: Adapted from American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

Figure 10: M L Design.

Figure 11: Woodcock, N. H. (1994) Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland, Figures 62 and 64b, UCL Press Ltd.

Figure 12: Health and Safety Executive website (2003/2004) Offshore Safety Statistics Bulletin, Crown copyright material is reproduced under Class Licence Number C01W0000065 with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland.

Figure 13: International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (2004), accessed 10 January 2007.

Figures 14a and 14b: Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute.

Figure 19 United Kingdom Offshore Operators Association (2004), UK Reserves Overview, accessed 10 January 2007.

Figure 20a Syncrude Canada Ltd.

Figure 20b Copyright RWE.

Figure 21 Tohidi, B. and Anderson, R. (2004) ‘Gas Hydrates: Frozen Methane — Friend or Foe’, Teaching Earth Sciences.

Unit Image

John Mead/Science Photo Library, Richard Folwell/Science Photo Library & Sue Cunningham Photographic/Alamy.