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Value
Schema
contributor.author
University of Exeter
dc
date.accessioned
2010-04-21T15:00:33Z
dc
date.available
2010-04-21T15:00:33Z
dc
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10949/2994
dc
identifier.uri
http://dspace.jorum.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/10949/2994
dc
description
Viking warriors from Scandinavia began to attack the coasts of western Europe towards the end of the eighth century. Christian writers registered their shock and horror at these raids by pagans upon monasteries, churches and royal sites. The raiders were mobile, using highly manoeuvrable light-weight sailing ships, which could also be rowed. They caught te armies of the Christian kingdoms unprepared, lacking the organisation to deal with them effectively. But there was much more to the Vikings than mere raiding for portable wealth, which in any case had been a regular activity in European societies for sometime. It was Norwegian Vikings who first travelled to Scotland and into the Irish Sea, exploring and raiding. It was an easy journey from the west coast of Norway to the Northern Isles of Scotland and thence through the Western Isles to Ireland, Wales and Aquitaine. Within a generation or two Norwegians were settling in the Scottish islands, where their characteristic place-names survive on modern maps, showing the centres from which they worked the land. Their pagan burials, accompanied by grave goods have been recognised in the same area. Some Viking leaders became rulers in the British Isles, for example the earls of Orkney and the kings of Man. In Ireland Vikings founded commercial settlements, which became major Irish towns, such as Dublin. Archaeological evidence suggests that goods from all over the known world were brought into these centres. Vikings were not just raiders; they were political leaders, merchants, farmers, craftspeople, fishermen and poets. We will glimpse them on this course by using all sorts of evidence, documentary and archaeological, including sculptures, buildings, small finds, place-names and inscriptions. Your view of the Vikings may be changed forever by taking this course! By examining carefully the written and archaeological evidence, this course will attempt to view the Viking Age dispassionately. By studying the archaeology of pre-Viking Denmark we shall be able to see what caused Danes to set sail for Europe. Ships of course are an important factor. Ship-building, ship-handling and navigation were skills learned prior to these voyages. We will assess the impact of the Vikings in Scotland and Ireland. What changes were stimulated by their arrival and settlement? Examination of archaeological finds such as stone sculptures, weapons, jewellery, coins, and pottery as well as urban and rural settlements and buildings will help us to understand the period.
dc
publisher
University of Exeter
dc
relation
WEB_LINK
dc
relation.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10949/2994
dc
rights
Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales
dc
rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/
dc
subject
ukoer
dc
subject
vikings
dc
subject
scotland
dc
subject
ireland
dc
title
The Viking Age Scotland and the Irish Sea Provinces
dc
audience
HE
dc
subject.jacs3
Historical & philosophical studies
dc
subject.jacs3code
V000
dc
oer
true
jmd
resourceClass
Web link
jmd
community
Higher Education
jmd


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